International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.41, No.7, 4366-4373, 2016
Catalytic gasification of dewatered sewage sludge in supercritical water: Influences of formic acid on hydrogen production
Promoting hydrogen production from supercritical water gasification of dewatered sewage sludge at low temperatures has become the essential to realization of technology resource utilization. Here we report supercritical water gasification of dewatered sewage sludge in a batch reactor. Total gas yield increased as the amount of formic acid increased, with hydrogen yield increasing significantly from 0.16 to 10.07 mol/(kg organic matter) as the formic acid increased from 0 to 6 wt%. The amount of undesired phenols in the liquid products was reduced and char in solid residue was also suppressed. An intermediate reaction was also conducted to investigate to the mechanism by which formic acid promoted hydrogen production. Results indicated that formic acid acted as an acid hydrolysis agent and an effective hydrogenating agent that facilitated rapid hydrolysis of carbohydrates to produce small molecules and effectively suppressed polymerization. Overall, the method developed herein has the potential to promote hydrogen production by radical reaction. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.