Fuel Processing Technology, Vol.145, 148-156, 2016
High performance regenerative adsorption of hydrogen sulfide from biogas on thermally-treated sewage-sludge
Biogas desulfurization can be performed by adsorption, although new materials are needed since commercial adsorbents are expensive. In this regard, three types of sewage-sludge were studied as precursors to obtain low-cost adsorbents in a previous paper, attaining the best precursor from a sewage-sludge that was thermally treated up to 700 degrees C. However, it must be regenerated to make the process feasible. To find an economical and environmentally friendly regeneration process, an experimental design was performed aimed at minimizing the use of resources such as water consumption, time and the temperature required while achieving a high rate of regeneration. The selected in-situ regeneration consists of entering firstly steam at relatively low temperature (<250 degrees C), against most of published studies, followed by a second step with air. Besides, it can be performed in only 20 min, giving a large feasibility to the overall continuous adsorption process, with very low energy cost and duration for the regeneration. As a relevant result, the thermally treated sewage-sludge was regenerated up to 14 times, and although the adsorption capacity decreased 2.7% on average in each adsorption/regeneration cycle, the cost relative to the adsorbent may be reduced to 20% of the cost of using fresh adsorbent. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.