Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.457, No.4, 730-735, 2015
SiRNA-HMGA2 weakened AGEs-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in tubular epithelial cells
Diabetic nephropathy as the most common cause of end-stage renal disease accounts for a significant increase in morbidity and mortality in patients. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubular cells is associated with diabetic nephropathy. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy via multifactorial mechanisms. However, whether AGEs could induce EMT in Tubular epithelial cells is still unknown. In this study, we found that AGEs induced EMT and accompanied by reduced expression of the epithelial markers E-cadherin and enhanced expression of the mesenchymal markers vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin. Furthermore, the expression of HMGA2 was upregulated by AGEs. Far more interesting, its knockdown by short interfering RNA (siRNA) effectively reversed AGEs-induced EMT. Meanwhile, we also found that knockdown of HMGA2 inhibited high AGEs-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of p38 MAPK. Collectively, these studies suggest that HMGA2 plays a important role in EMT during Diabetic nephropathy and more study toward HMGA2 should be played in renal pathogenesis. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.