Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.461, No.2, 200-205, 2015
Modified autonomic regulation in mice mutated in the 134 subunit of the lh/lh calcium channel
Genetic analyses have revealed an important association between P/Q-type calcium channel activities and hereditary neurological disorders. The P/Q-type channels are composed principally of heterologous multimeric subunits including CaV2.1 and CaV beta 4. Of these, the beta 4 subunit is thought to play a significant role in channel physiology, because a mouse line mutant in that subunit (the lethargic mouse: Ill) exhibits a severe ataxic phenotype. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the physiological importance of the beta 4 subunit. ECG analysis showed that the T wave was high in 8-week-old lh mutants; this may be associated with hyperkalemia. Upon pharmacological ECG analysis, 2-3-week-old lh mutants exhibited reduced responses to a beta-blocker and a muscarinic receptor antagonist. Analysis of heart rate variability revealed that the R-R interval was unstable in lh mutants and that both the low- and high-frequency components had increased in extent, indicating that the tonus of both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems was modified. Thus, our present study revealed that the beta 4 subunit played a significant role in regulation of sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve activities. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.