Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.461, No.1, 186-192, 2015
Application of GC-MS coupled with chemometrics for scanning serum metabolic biomarkers from renal fibrosis rat
Renal interstitial fibrosis closely relates to chronic kidney disease and is regarded as the final common pathway in most cases of end-stage renal disease. Metabolomic biomarkers can facilitate early diagnosis and allow better understanding of the pathogenesis underlying renal fibrosis. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is one of the most promising techniques for identification of metabolites. However, the existence of the background, baseline offset, and overlapping peaks makes accurate identification of the metabolites unachievable. In this study, GC/MS coupled with chemometric methods was successfully developed to accurately identify and seek metabolic biomarkers for rats with renal fibrosis. By using these methods, seventy-six metabolites from rat serum were accurately identified and five metabolites (i.e., urea, omithine, citric acid, galactose, and cholesterol) may be useful as potential biomarkers for renal fibrosis (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.