Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.463, No.4, 954-960, 2015
MicroRNA-101 down-regulates sphingosine kinase 1 in colorectal cancer cells
MicroRNAs (miRs) dysregulation is a general feature of colorectal cancer (CRC) and other solid tumors, and is associated cancer progression. In the current study, we demonstrate that microRNA-101 (miR-101) inhibits CRC cells probably through down-regulating sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1). Our results showed that exogenously expressing miR-101 inhibited CRC cell (HT-29 and HCT-116 lines) growth in vitro. At the molecular level, miR-101 dramatically down-regulated SphK1 mRNA and protein expression, causing pro-apoptotic ceramide production in above CRC cells. On the other hand, inhibition of miR-101 through expressing antagomiR-101 increased SphK1 expression to down-regulate ceramide level in HT-29 cells. miR-101 expression increased the in vitro anti-CRC activity of conventional chemo-agents: paclitaxel and doxorubicin. CRC cells with SphK1-shRNA knockdown showed similar phenotypes as the miR-101-expressed CRC cells, presenting with elevated level of ceramide and high sensitivity to paclitaxel or doxorubicin. In vivo, HCT-116 xenograft growth in severe combined immuno-deficient (SCID) mice was dramatically inhibited by over-expressing miR-101. Further, miR-101 enhanced paclitaxel-induced anti-HCT-116 activity in vivo. Together, these results indicate that miR-101 exerts its anti-CRC activities probably through down-regulating SphK1. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.