Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.463, No.4, 650-655, 2015
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate secreted from Zoledronate-stimulated myeloma cells, activates the chemotaxis of gamma delta T cells
gamma delta T cell receptor (TCR)-positive T cells, which control the innate immune system, display anti-tumor immunity as well as other non-immune-mediated anti-cancer effects. gamma delta T cells expanded ex vivo by nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate (N-BP) treatment can kill tumor cells. N-BP inhibits farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase in the mevalonate pathway, resulting in the accumulation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), which is a stimulatory antigen for gamma delta T cells. We have previously observed that as they get closer, migrating gamma delta T cells increase in speed toward target multiple myeloma (MM) cells. In the present study, we investigated the gamma delta T cell chemotactic factors involving using a micro total analysis system-based microfluidic cellular analysis device. The addition of supernatant from RPMI8226 MM cells treated with the N-BP zoledronic acid (ZOL) or the addition of IPP to the device induced chemotaxis of gamma delta T cells and increased the speed of migration compared to controls. Analysis of the ZOL-treated RPMI8226 cell supernatant revealed that it contained IPP secreted in a ZOL-dose-dependent manner. These observations indicate that IPP activates the chemotaxis of gamma delta T cells toward target MM cells treated with ZOL. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.