Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.467, No.4, 1012-1018, 2015
Self-assembly formed by a short DNA probe pair: Application for highly sensitive mRNA species detection without reverse transcription
We describe a novel technology for detecting nucleic acids: Probe Alteration Link Self-Assembly Reactions (PALSAR). PALSAR comprises DNA self-assembly of pairs of short DNA probes formed by alternate hybridization of three complementary regions in a pair of honeycomb probes (HCPs). Self-assembly occurs at designated salt concentrations and reaction temperatures and requires no enzymes. We prepared pairs of HCPs to detect mRNAs encoded by the GAPDH gene beta-actin (BA) gene, CD3D gene, CD4 gene, major vault protein (MV) gene and the signalling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein (SAP) gene, and succeeded in quantitatively detecting these mRNAs. PALSAR could detect mRNA directly without synthesizing cDNA. Moreover, multiple mRNAs could be detected simultaneously in a single reaction tube and there was a good correlation between the results obtained PALSAR and those by real-time PCR. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).