Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.467, No.3, 541-548, 2015
Probiotic-derived polyphosphate improves the intestinal barrier function through the caveolin-dependent endocytic pathway
Probiotics exhibit beneficial functions for host homeostasis maintenance. We herein investigated the mechanism by which Lactobacillus brevis-derived poly P exhibited a beneficial function. Immunostaining indicated that poly P was captured in the plasma membrane via integrin beta 1 in Caco2/bbe cells. The uptake of polyp was reduced by the inhibition of integrin beta 1 as well as caveolin-1, a major component of lipid rafts. The function of poly P, including the induction of HSP27 and enhancement of the intestinal barrier function, was suppressed by the inhibition of caveolin-1, illustrating that the function of poly P was mediated by the endocytic pathway. High-throughput sequencing revealed that poly P induced tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3, which contributes to cytoprotection, including upregulation of the intestinal barrier function. The present study demonstrates a novel host probiotic interaction through the uptake of bacterial substance into host cells, which is distinct from pattern recognition receptor pathways. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.