Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.467, No.2, 268-274, 2015
Crystal structure analysis of a bacterial aryl acylamidase belonging to the amidase signature enzyme family
The atomic structure of a bacterial aryl acylamidase (EC 18.104.22.168; AAA) is reported and structural features are investigated to better understand the catalytic profile of this enzyme. Structures of AAA were determined in its native form and in complex with the analgesic acetanilide, p-acetaminophenol, at 1.70 angstrom and 1.73 angstrom resolutions, respectively. The overall structural fold of AAA was identified as an alpha/beta fold class, exhibiting an open twisted beta-sheet core surrounded by alpha-helices. The asymmetric unit contains one AAA molecule and the monomeric form is functionally active. The core structure enclosing the signature sequence region, including the canonical Ser-cisSer-Lys catalytic triad, is conserved in all members of the Amidase Signature enzyme family. The structure of AAA in a complex with its ligand reveals a unique organization in the substrate-binding pocket. The binding pocket consists of two loops (loop1 and loop2) in the amidase signature sequence and one helix (alpha 10) in the non-amidase signature sequence. We identified two residues (Tyr(136) and Thr(330)) that interact with the ligand via water molecules, and a hydrogen-bonding network that explains the catalytic affinity over various aryl acyl compounds. The optimum activity of AAA at pH > 10 suggests that the reaction mechanism employs Lys(84) as the catalytic base to polarize the Ser(187) nucleophile in the catalytic triad. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.