Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.469, No.4, 1069-1074, 2016
No obvious phenotypic abnormalities in mice lacking the Pate4 gene
We have previously reported that the hormone calcitonin (CT) negatively regulates bone formation by inhibiting the release of sphingosine-l-phosphate from bone-resorbing osteoclasts. In the context of this study we additionally observed that CT repressed the expression of Pate4, encoding the secreted protein caltrin/Svs7, in osteoclasts from wildtype mice. To assess a possible function of Pate4 in bone remodeling, we utilized commercially available embryonic stem cells with a targeted Pate4 allele to generate Pate4-deficient mice. These were born at the expected Mendelian ratio and did not display obvious abnormalities until the age of 6 months. A bone-specific histomorphometric analysis further revealed that bone remodeling is unaffected in male and female Pate4-deficient mice. Since a subsequently performed multi-tissue expression analysis confirmed that Pate4 is primarily expressed in prostate and seminal vesicles, we additionally analyzed the respective tissues of Pate4-deficient mice, but failed to detect histological abnormalities. Most importantly, as assessed by mating with female wildtype mice, we did not observe reduced fertility associated with Pate4-deficiency. Taken together, our study was the first to generate and analyze a mouse model lacking Pate4, a gene with strong expression in prostate and seminal vesicles, yet without major function for fertility. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.