Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.469, No.3, 552-558, 2016
c-Jun regulates adipocyte differentiation via the KLF15-mediated mode
Abnormal adipocyte differentiation is implicated in the development of metabolic disorders such as obesity and type II diabetes. Thus, an in-depth understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with adipocyte differentiation is the first step in overcoming obesity and its related metabolic diseases. Here, we examined the role of c-Jun as a transcription factor in adipocyte differentiation. c-Jun over expression in murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes significantly inhibited adipocyte differentiation. In addition, the expression level of KLF15, an upstream effector of the key adipogenic factors C/EBP alpha and PPAR gamma, was decreased upon the ectopic expression of c-Jun. We found that c-Jun inhibited basal and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-induced promoter activities of KLF15. c-Jun directly bound near the glucocorticoid response element (GRE) sites in the KLF15 promoter and inhibited adjacent promoter occupancies of GR. Furthermore, the restoration of KLF15 expression in 3T3-L1 cells with the stable ectopic expression of c-Jun partially rescued adipocyte differentiation. Our results demonstrate that c-Jun can suppress adipocyte differentiation through the down-regulation of KLF15 at the transcriptional level. This study proposes a novel mechanism by which c-Jun regulates adipocyte differentiation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.