Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.469, No.1, 126-131, 2016
Identification of the T-complex protein as a binding partner for newly synthesized cytoplasmic dynein intermediate chain 2
Cytoplasmic dynein is a macromolecular motor complex with diverse function's in eukaryotic cells. Dynein plays essential roles in intracellular transport of organelles and mitosis, mediated in part by interactions between the dynein intermediate chain 2 (IC-2) subunits and adapter proteins that bind specific cargos. In experiments to identify phosphorylation-dependent binding partners for IC-2 we instead identified a phosphorylation-independent binding partner, the cytosolic chaperonin containing T complex protein 1 (CCT). CCT consists of eight subunits (CCT1-8) and facilitates folding of a subset of newly synthesized proteins. We confirmed interactions between IC-2 and CCT5 and CCT8 in co-immunoprecipitation experiments and determined that the C-terminal half of IC-2 is necessary and sufficient to bind CCT8. Interestingly, co-immunoiprecipitation of IC-2 and CCT is abolished by prior cycloheximide treatment of cells, suggesting that CCT participates in folding of nascent IC-2. In vitro translation experiments employing recombinant CCT complex demonstrated that CCT is able to bind newly synthesized IC-2 after release from the ribosome consistent with a role in folding of IC-2. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.