Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.469, No.1, 29-36, 2016
Lin28a protects against diabetic cardiomyopathy via the PKA/ROCK2 pathway
Background: Lin28a enhances glucose uptake and insulin-sensitivity. However, the role of Lin28a on experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is not well understood. We investigated the potential role and mechanism ofLin28a in diabetes-induced myocardial dysfunction in mice. Methods: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of Streptozocin (STZ) in mice. Animals were randomized to be treated with lentivirus carrying Lin28a siRNA or Lin28a cDNA. Cardiac function, cardiomyocyte autophagy, apoptosis and mitochondria morphology in diabetic mice were compared between groups. The target proteins of Lin28a were examined by western blot analysis. Results: Lin28a levels were markedly reduced in the cardiac tissue compared to the control mice. Lin28a overexpression significantly improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), promoted autophagy, decreased myocardial apoptotic index and alleviated mitochondria cristae destruction in diabetic mice. Lin28a knockdown exacerbated diabetic injury as evidenced by decreased LVEF, increased apoptotic index and aggravated mitochondria cristae destruction. Interestingly, pretreatment with a PKA inhibitor, N-2-(p-Bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide], di-HCI Salt (H89) abolished the beneficial effects of Lin28a overexpression. RhoA-expression and ROCK2-expression were decreased in vivo after Lin28a overexpression, while Lin28a knockdown increased the expression of RhoA and ROCK2 in diabetic mice. Conclusions: Lin28a protects against DCM through PKA/ROCK2 dependent pathway. Lin28a might serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of the patients with DCM. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.