Advanced Functional Materials, Vol.25, No.18, 2763-2770, 2015
How to Improve Spermbot Performance
Spermbots are biocompatible hybrid machines that consist of microtubes which are propelled by single spermatozoa and have promising features for powering nano and microdevices. This article presents three approaches on how to improve the performance of such spermbots. First, 20 mu m microtubes produce faster spermbots compared to the previously reported 50 mu m long microtubes. Furthermore, biofunctionalization by microcontact printing and surface chemistry of biomolecules on the inner tube surface improve the coupling efficiency between sperm cell and microtube, and the addition of caffeine results in a speed boost of the sperm-driven micromotor.