Process Biochemistry, Vol.49, No.2, 223-229, 2014
An extremely alkaline novel chitinase from Streptomyces sp CS495
An extremely alkaline chitinase from Streptomyces sp. CS495 was isolated from a Korean soil sample, purified by single-step chromatography, and biochemically characterized. The extracellular chitinase was purified 7.0 fold with a 33.9% yield by Sepharose Cl-6B column. The molecular mass of the enzyme (Ch495) was approximately 41 kDa. Ch495 was found to be stable over a broad pH range (5-12.5) and to 50 degrees C and have an optimum temperature of 60 degrees C. Ch495 had K-m and V-max values of 1.34 +/- 2.9 mg/mL and 889 +/- 3.6 mmol/min, respectively using different concentrations of colloidal chitin. N-terminal sequence of Ch495 was APREKINLLYFLGYF. HPLC and TLC analysis of Ch495 shows the production of produced N-acetyl D-glucosamine (GIcNAc) as minor and diacetylchitobiose (GIcNAc)2 as major products. Ch495 shows antifungal activity against Fusarium solani and Aspergillus brasiliensis which can be used for the biological control of fungus. As being simple in purification, extreme alkalophilic, stable in broad range of pH, ability to-produce oligosaccharides, and antifungal activity shows that Ch495 has potential applications in industries as for chitooligosaccharides production used as medical prebiotics or/and for the biological control of plant pathogens in agriculture. (c) 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.