Process Biochemistry, Vol.48, No.5-6, 979-987, 2013
Purification and characterization of three thermostable alkaline fibrinolytic serine proteases from the polychaete Cirriformia tentaculata
Three distinct alkaline serine proteases (named CTSP-1, -2, and -3) were purified from the polychaete Cirriformia tentaculata and characterized in terms of their enzymatic properties and kinetics. The estimated molecular masses of CTSP-1, -2, and -3 enzymes were found to be 28.8, 30.9, and 28.4 kDa, respectively. The enzymes were active at the temperature range of 50-60 C under pH 8.5-9.0 and completely inactivated by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride and diisopropyl fluorophosphates, but not by 1,10-phenanthroline and bestatin, suggesting that they are all typical serine proteases and not metalloproteases or cysteine proteases. CTSP-1 and -2 cleaved arginine, whereas CTSP-3 digested tyrosine residue at the carboxyl sides in their peptide substrates. A typical hepta-sequence (I-X-X-G-X-X-A) conserved in serine proteases from annelid species was found in N-termini of all CTSPs. CTSP-2 was the most active enzyme among the proteases purified as shown by kinetic values. The enzymes cleaved all chains of fibrinogen within 20 min and also hydrolyzed actively fibrin polymer as well as cross-linked fibrin. In addition, the enzymes could actively digest the fibrin clot in blood plasma milieu. Taken together, the results obtained demonstrate that CTSP enzymes have a potential of becoming therapeutic agents for thrombus dissolution. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Polychaete worm Cirriformia tentaculata;Fibrinogenolytic enzyme;Fibrinolytic enzyme;Thermostable alkaline serine protease;Thrombolytic agent;Plasma clot cleavage