Process Biochemistry, Vol.48, No.3, 430-437, 2013
In vitro assembly of minicellulosomes with two scaffoldins on the yeast cell surface for cellulose saccharification and bioethanol production
The present paper reports in vitro strategies for assembly of minicellulosomes with two miniscaffoldins on the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell surface. It was carried out through incubation of the yeast cells displaying scaffoldins with Escherichia coli lysates containing recombinant cellulases, or using a four-population yeast consortium. The results showed that the display level of miniscaffoldin II was distinctly increased by moving the cellulases production into E. coli or other yeast cells, indicating that the metabolic burden of the yeast host was decreased. The yeast consortium did not show any cellulolytic activity, while the E. coli lysates-treated yeast, whose anchoring miniscaffoldin length was optimized, was able to produce similar to 1138 mg/L ethanol from microcrystalline cellulose within 4 days. We also confirmed that the yeast-associated minicellulosome moreover showed both higher thermal stability and lower protease accessibility than free minicellulosome. This research promotes the application of S. cerevisiae as a consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) microorganism in cellulosic bioethanol production. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.