Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.607, No.1, 135-143, 2015
A Comparative Study of Mesomorphism in Symmetric and Nonsymmetric Dimers
A homologous series consisting of 12 homologue symmetrical dimers, viz., bis(4-n-alkoxy benzoyloxy) 2,2-diphenyl propanes was synthesized, studied, and evaluated to establish the relation between molecular structure and mesomorphic properties on comparative basis with nonsymmectric dimers. The methoxy to pentyloxy homologue dimers, the novel symmetric series, are nonmesogenic. Mesomorphism commences from the hexyloxy homologue as smectic and nematic. The hexyloxy to decyloxy dimers possess smectogenic character with nematogenic character and the dodecyloxy to hexadecyloxy homologue dimers exhibit nematogenic character without the exhibition of smectogenic character. All the mesogenic homologues are enantiotropic mesomorphs. The smectic and nematic thermal stability of series is 129.0 degrees C and 147.7 degrees C, respectively, and mesomorphic phase length varies between 18 degrees C for the hexadecyloxy homologue and 56 degrees C for the heptyloxy homologue.