Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.601, No.1, 159-164, 2014
OLED Light Outcoupling Enhancement by Extracting Surface Plasmon Polariton Energy
The extraction method of surface plasmon polariton (SPP) energy was investigated to assess its ability to improve the outcoupling efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). A multi-cathode OLED (MC-OLED) structure was used; this structure was composed of a semitransparent cathode (Ag), a high refractive index dielectric layer (WO3), and a reflector (Ag). The dependence of the current efficiency of MC-OLEDs on the thicknesses of the Ag cathode and the WO3 dielectric was examined, and optimal thicknesses were identified. Current efficiency can be increased by 20% more than conventional OLEDs by using a 50-nm Ag cathode and a 100-nm WO3 dielectric.