Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.581, No.1, 83-88, 2013
Synthesis and Properties of Novel Nonlinear Optical Polyurethane Containing Dicyanovinylnitroresorcinoxy Group
Novel X-type polyurethane 5 containing 4-(2,2-dicyanovinyl)-6-nitroresorcinoxy groups as nonlinear optical (NLO) chromophores, which constitute part of the polymer backbone, was prepared and characterized. Polyurethane 5 is soluble in common organic solvents such as acetone and N,N-dimethylformamide. It shows thermal stabilities up to 280 degrees C from thermogravimetric analysis with glass transition temperature obtained from differential scanning calorimetry near 120 degrees C. The second harmonic generation (SHG) coefficient (d(33)) of poled polymer film at 1064nm fundamental wavelength is 6.12 x 10(-9) esu. Polymer 5 exhibits a high thermal stability even at 5 degrees C higher than T-g, and no significant SHG decay is observed below 125 degrees C, which is acceptable for nonlinear optical device applications.