Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.455, 287-294, 2006
Trigonal anisotropy in graphite and carbon nanotubes
We discuss here how the trigonal warping effect of the electronic structure is relevant to optical processes in graphite and carbon nanotubes. The electron-photon, electron-phonon, and elastic scattering matrix elements have a common factor of the coefficients of Bloch wave funtions of the A and B atoms in the graphite unit cell. Because of the three fold symmetry around the Fermi energy point (the K or K' point), the matrix elements show a trigonal anisotropy which can be observed in both resonance Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy. This anisotropy is essential for understanding the chirality dependence of the Raman intensity and the optical response of single wall carbon nanotubes.