Thermochimica Acta, Vol.621, 90-98, 2015
Volume shrinkage of ludwigite/coal composite pellet during isothermal and non-isothermal reduction
The volume shrinkage and bulk density evolution of ludwigite/coal composite pellet during solid state isothermal and non-isothermal reduction was investigated. It was found that the volume shrinkage and bulk density highly depended on reduction temperature. The volume shrinkage and density of the pellet increased with the increasing of reduction temperature and the increasing rate was fast within 15 min. The volume shrinkage and density kept stable when the reduction temperature was higher than 1250 degrees C. The highest volume shrinkage and density were 55.55% and 3.43 g/cm(3) at the temperature of 1300 degrees C when reduced for 30 min. The shrinking and densifying of the composite pellet were mainly due to the loss of carbon and oxygen and the sintering of gangue oxides and metallic iron particles. The kinetics of volume shrinkage of ludwigite/coal composite pellet in the reduction process was also deduced and the value of the activation energy was 276.0 +/- 59.52 kJ/mol from 1150 degrees C to 1250 degrees C. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.