Thermochimica Acta, Vol.611, 20-25, 2015
Calorimetric study of functionalized carbonaceous materials
For this paper we conducted a calorimetric study of functionalized carbonaceous materials. The activated carbons were obtained by chemically activating the African Palm Stone with a mix of 2% CaCl2 solution and 32% H3PO4 solution. After the activation, the activated carbons were functionalized to increase the solids nitrogen content. In the study we determined the immersion enthalpies in benzene, water, NaOH, and HCl solutions. Additionally, the samples were characterized by N-2 adsorption at 77K and Boehm titration. The calorimetric study showed that the immersion of different solids in respective solvents and solutions generated enthalpy values between -6.22J g(-1) and -173.2J g(-1). The immersion enthalpies of samples in the employed liquids varied with different functionalization processes to which the materials were subjected, showing changes in the carbons' textural and chemical characteristics. Surface areas and pore volumes decreased with the functionalization process because of the nitrogen surface groups' blocking the solids' porosity. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.