Solar Energy, Vol.122, 1037-1046, 2015
A model for deriving the direct normal and diffuse horizontal irradiance from the global tilted irradiance
A separation model was developed for deriving the direct normal irradiance (DNI) and the diffuse horizontal irradiance (DHI) from the global tilted irradiance (GTI). The model is based on the DIRINT model, but substitutes the use of the GTI in place of the global horizontal irradiance (GHI) for determining the global clearness index (K-t). Additionally, an iterative method is used to adjust K-t to improve the derived values of the DNI and the DHI. The model is referred to as the GTI-DIRINT model. When using for model input the GTI measured with a pyranometer tilted at a small angle from the horizontal (10 degrees), the deviations between the measured DNI and DHI and the GTI-DIRINT-modeled DNI and DHI were essentially the same as those for the DIRINT model when using the GHI for model input. Increasing the tilt angle from horizontal (as great as 44 degrees for Eugene, Oregon) increased the deviations between the modeled and measured DNI and DHI, but the results were still reasonable. The GTI-DIRINT model provides reasonable values of DNI and DHI from the GTI, and if they are subsequently used with the Perez tilted surface model to model the GTI for orientations within 30 degrees of the azimuth and tilt of the GTI used for model input, the result is as good or better than may be obtained when using a measured DNI and DHI, and without their significant instrumentation cost. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.