Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.388, 517-522, 2002
Surface structure and electrochemical characteristics of graphite fluorinated by elemental fluorine and plasma treatment using CF4
Surface modification of graphite powder has been performed by elemental fluorine and radiofrequency plasma fluorination. Both of the methods enlarge the surface areas of graphite samples and change their pore volume distribution. Surface-fluorinated graphite samples demonstrate the capacities higher than those of original samples and even the theoretical capacity of graphite, 372 mAhg(-1) without reducing the first coulombic efficiencies. The increments of the capacities are similar to5, similar to10 and similar to15% for graphite samples with average particle diameters of 7, 25 and 40 mum, respectively.