Materials Research Bulletin, Vol.69, 24-28, 2015
Effect of sulfur content in a sulfur-activated carbon composite on the electrochemical properties of a lithium/sulfur battery
The content of sulfur in sulfur/activated carbon composite is controlled from 32.37 wt.% to 55.33 wt.% by a one-step solution-based process. When the sulfur content is limited to 41.21 wt.%, it can be loaded into the pores of an activated carbon matrix in a highly dispersed state. On the contrary, when the sulfur content is 55.33 wt.%, crystalline sulfur can be detected on the surface of the activated carbon matrix. The best electrochemical performance can be obtained for a sulfur electrode with the lowest sulfur content. The sulfur/activated carbon composite with 32.37 wt.% sulfur afforded the highest first discharge capacity of 1360 mAh g(-1) at 1 C rate and a large reversible capacity of 702 mAh g(-1) at 10 C (16.75 A/g). (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.