Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.98, No.6, 1794-1798, 2015
IR Practical Extinction Coefficients of Water in Alkali Lime Silicate Glasses Determined by Nuclear Reaction Analysis
Infrared spectroscopy (IR) is widely used to determine the water concentration in glasses, whereas determination of the IR practical extinction coefficient is necessary to deduce the absolute water concentration of glasses on the basis of Beer-Lambert law. From the nuclear reaction analysis data, the IR practical extinction coefficients of water were successfully determined for the alkali lime silicate glasses with different levels of sodium/potassium cation (Na/K) ratio. The two-band method is well-known to be useful for the determination of the water concentration in some alkali lime silicate glasses. It is proved here that the two-band method is not applicable to the variety of composition for alkali lime silicate and soda lime aluminosilicate glasses, whereas it is valid for the similar composition of soda lime silicate glasses [SLS: Composition (in mol%) 16Na(2)O10CaO74SiO(2)]. The single-band procedure with the IR practical extinction coefficient is crucial for the determination of the precise water concentration in the wide variety of glass composition although the determination of the IR practical extinction coefficient is troublesome. It also appears that the ion radius of alkali affects the IR practical extinction coefficient and the chemical state of OH group in glasses.