Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.98, No.5, 1658-1663, 2015
Slag Resistance Mechanism of Lightweight Microporous Corundum Aggregate
The microstructures of the reaction interfaces between slag and corundum aggregates, microporous corundum produced in the laboratory and tabular corundum were observed after slag resistance experiments, and their associated slag resistance mechanisms were investigated. A continuous isolation layer was observed around the microporous corundum, which showed a significantly better slag resistance than tabular corundum. The formation of columnar crystals of CaAl12O19 (CA(6)) and CaAl4O7 (CA(2)) in the isolation layer was the main reason for the difference in slag resistance. With respect to the nucleation and growth of second phase, the slag resistance mechanism of lightweight microporous corundum was explored by thermodynamic and kinetic analysis. Due to its smaller pore size, the second phase is more likely to achieve supersaturation, and large quantities of crystal nuclei are generated for microporous corundum. The critical dissolved depths of the microporous and tabular corundum in saturated slag were calculated to be 0.14 and 0.27 mu m, respectively. Additionally, the small pore sizes lead to an increase in the Ostwald ripening rate of the second phase, and the Ostwald ripening rate of microporous corundum was 12 times that of the tabular corundum based on Ardell's theory.