Journal of Power Sources, Vol.279, 138-145, 2015
Hydrothermal deposition of manganese dioxide nanosheets on electrodeposited graphene covered nickel foam as a high-performance electrode for supercapacitors
In this paper, the graphene oxide nanosheets are simultaneously reduced and deposited on nickel foam (denoted as Ni-foam@GNS) by one step electrodeposition method. The interconnected crumpled graphene nanosheets grown on Ni foam serve as a three-dimensional (3D) conductive skeleton for hydrothermal deposition of MnO2 nanosheets by in-situ redox reaction. The MnO2 nanosheets anchored on the graphene covered nickel foam (denoted as Ni-foam@GNS@MnO2) show unique 3D porous interconnected networks. The samples are characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), N-2 adsorption-desorption measurements and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The capacitive performances are researched by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results reveal that the Ni-foam@GNS@MnO2 electrode exhibits a high specific capacitance of 462 F g(-1) at 0.5 A g(-1) and excellent capacitance retention of 93.1% after 5000 cycles at 10 A g(-1). Furthermore, the Ni-foam@GNS@MnO2 electrode delivers a high energy density of 26.1 Wh kg(-1) even at a high power density of 3981 W kg(-1). These results demonstrate that the Ni-foam@GNS@MnO2 composite offers great promise in large-scale energy storage device applications. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.