Journal of Power Sources, Vol.293, 946-975, 2015
A review of radiation-grafted polymer electrolyte membranes for alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
The past two decades have witnessed many efforts to develop radiation-grafted alkaline membranes for alkaline PEM fuel cell applications, as such membranes have certain advantages over other kinds of alkaline membranes, including well-controlled composition, functionality, and other promising properties. To facilitate research and development in this area, the present paper reviews radiation-grafted alkaline membranes. We examine their synthesis/fabrication/characterization, membrane material selection, and theoretical approaches for fundamental understanding. We also present detailed examinations of their application in fuel cell in terms of the working principles of the radiation grafting process, the fabrication of MEAs using radiation-grafted membranes, the membranes' corresponding performance in alkaline PEM fuel cells, as well as performance optimization. The paper also summarizes the challenges and mitigation strategies for radiation-grafted alkaline membranes and their application in PEM fuel cells, presenting an overall picture of the technology as it presently stands. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Alkaline anion-exchange membrane;Radiation grafting;Hydroxide conductivity;Stability;Membrane electrode assembly;PEM fuel cell