화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Membrane Science, Vol.481, 124-136, 2015
Functionalized poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanohybrid for superior fuel cell membrane
Functionalization of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) nanohybrid has been performed in template system using two-dimensional layered silicate and superior fuel cell membrane has been demonstrated. Sulfonation of nanohybrid has been carried out at control condition to maintain the mechanical stiffness and roughness of the membrane using chlorosulfonic acid and the results have been compared with pure PVDF. The sulfonation and ifs relative extent have been confirmed through NMR, FTIR and UV-vis measurements showing greater degree of functionalizalion in nanohybrid which arises from the specific arrangement of polymer chains on Lop of nanoplatelets. The structural change over from common crystallized form alpha- to piezoelectric p-phase in nanohybrid has been established and the amount of beta-phase has been enhanced after sulfonation as evident from deconvoluted XRD patterns and DSC measurement. A plausible mechanism has been proposed for this improvement which led to the formation of smart membrane. Essential criteria of an ideal membrane have been verified through high water uptake, low permeability and hydrophilic nature by measuring contact angle. The molecular level clustering due to the attachment of sullonate group in main chain has been explored which in turn explain the higher barrier property both for gas and liquid (fuel). Proton conductivity of functionalized nanohybrid has been found to be quite high along with significantly low methanol cross over as compared to standard Nafion membrane. I-V characteristics of the nanohybrid membrane show high potential at low current density with considerably lower value of slope. Membrane electrode assembly using functionalized nanohybrid exhibit significantly high value of current density and prove its worth for superior fuel cell membrane using common thermoplastic polymer. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.