화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Materials Science, Vol.50, No.16, 5389-5401, 2015
Enhanced flame retardancy of polypropylene by melamine-modified graphene oxide
Graphene oxide (GO) is modified by melamine (MA) via the strong pi-pi interactions, hydrogen bonding, and electrostatic attraction. PP composites are prepared by melt compounding method, and GO/functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) is in situ thermally reduced during the processing. The results of scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy indicate that FGO nanosheets are homogeneously dispersed in polymer matrix with intercalation and exfoliation microstructure. The FGO/PP nanocomposite exhibits higher thermal stability and flame retardant property than those of the GO counterpart. During the thermal decomposition, the intercalated MA is condensed to graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) in the confined micro-zone created by GO nanosheets. This in situ formed g-C3N4 provides a protective layer to graphene and enhances its barrier effect. The heat release rate and the escape of volatile degradation products are reduced in the FGO-based nanocomposites.