Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.289, 63-71, 2015
Absorption and desorption of SO2 in aqueous solutions of diamine-based molten salts
SO2 absorption and desorption behaviors were investigated in aqueous solutions of diamine-derived molten salts with a tertiary amine group on the cation and a chloride anion, including butyl-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-dimethylammonium chloride ([BTMEDA]Cl, pK(b) = 8.2), 1-butyl-1,4-dimethylpiperazinium chloride ([BDMP]Cl, pK(b) = 9.8), and 1-butyl-4-aza-1-azoniabicyclo[2,2,2]octane chloride ([BDABCO]Cl, pK(b) = 11.1). The SO2 absorption and desorption performance of the molten salt were greatly affected by the basicity of the molten salt. Spectroscopic, X-ray crystallographic, and computational results for the interactions of SO2 with molten salts suggest that two types of SO2-containg species could be generated depending on the basicity of the unquaternized amino group: a dicationic species comprising two different anions, HSO3- and Cl-, and a monocationic species bearing Cl- interacting with neutral H2SO3. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.