화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.462, 64-74, 2016
Tunable ZnO spheres with high anti-biofilm and antibacterial activity via a simple green hydrothermal route
A family of distinct ZnO morphologies hollow, compartmented, core shell and full solid ZnO spheres, dispersed or interconnected is obtained by a simple hydrothermal route, in the presence of the starch biopolymer. The zinc-carbonaceous precursors were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy, while the ZnO spheres, obtained after the thermal processing, were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, UV VIS spectroscopy, photoluminescence measurements, antimicrobial, anti-biofilm and flow cytometry tests. The formation mechanism proposed for this versatile synthesis route is based on the gelling ability of amylose, one of the starch template constituents, responsible for the effective embedding of zinc cations into starch prior to its hydrothermal carbonization. The simple variation of the raw materials concentration dictates the type of ZnO spheres. The micro-sized ZnO spheres exhibit high antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coif, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) reference and methicillin resistant clinical strains especially for Gram-negative biofilms (P. aeruginosa), demonstrating great potential for new ZnO anti-biofilm formulations. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.