International Journal of Mineral Processing, Vol.143, 131-137, 2015
Ion flotation for removal of Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions from wastewaters
Ion flotation was applied to Ni(II) and Zn(II) cation removal from low concentration synthetic wastewaters. Ethylhexadecyldimethylammonium bromide (EHDABr) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were used as collectors and Dowfroth250 and methyl isobutyl carbonyl (MIBC) as frothers. The effective parameters were investigated by the experimental design performed by DX7 software. In this regard, a two-level factorial method was used, and sixteen experiments including 6-level variables were designed. In the first step, the tests were conducted in a Hallimond tube. It was concluded from test results that the optimum conditions for the removal of Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions by initial concentrations of 10 ppm were: pH = 3, SDS = 300 ppm, Dowfroth250 = 90 ppm and air flow rate = 1.8 ml/min. In the second step, optimal results from the first step were evaluated in a mechanical flotation cell. In optimal conditions, the recovery of Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions were 88% and 92%, respectively at 60 min. This study showed that the use of ion flotation is a very effective method for Ni(II) and Zn(II) ion removal from industrial wastewaters. The flotation time in achieving an optimum recovery of Zn(II) ions is shorter than that for Ni(II) ions. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.