International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.95, 94-108, 2016
The lattice Boltzmann method for isothermal micro-gaseous flow and its application in shale gas flow: A review
The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) has experienced tremendous advances and been well accepted as a popular method for simulating various fluid flow problems in porous media. With the introduction of an effective relaxation time and slip boundary conditions, the LBM has been successfully extended to solve micro-gaseous transport phenomena. As a result, the LBM has the potential to become an effective numerical method for gas flow in shale matrix in slip flow and transition flow regimes. Additionally, it is very difficult to experimentally determine the permeability of extremely low permeable media like shale. In this paper an extensive review on a number of slip boundary conditions and Knudsen layer treatments used in LB models for micro-gaseous flow is carried out. Furthermore, potential applications of the LBM in flow simulation in shale gas reservoirs on pore scale and representative elementary volume (REV) scale are evaluated and summarized. Our review indicates that the LBM is capable of capturing gas flow in continuum to slip flow regimes which cover significant proportion of the pores in shale gas reservoirs and identifies opportunities for future research. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.