International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.92, 100-109, 2016
Unsteady flow of nanofluid with double stratification and magnetohydrodynamics
This article addresses the unsteady flow of viscous nanofluid caused by an inclined stretching sheet. Effects of thermal radiation, viscous dissipation and stratification process due to temperature and concentration are analyzed. Fluid is electrically conducting in the presence of applied magnetic field. The flow consideration is subjected to small magnetic Reynolds number. Induced magnetic field is absent. Appropriate transformations reduce the nonlinear partial differential system to ordinary differential system. Convergent solutions are computed. Interval of convergence is determined. Effects of different parameters on the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are shown and analyzed. It is concluded that thermal and solutal stratification parameters reduce the velocity distribution. It is also observed that velocity is decreasing function of Hartman number. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:MHD nanofluid;Inclined stretching sheet;Double stratification;Thermal radiation;Viscous dissipation