Energy, Vol.83, 416-430, 2015
Optimization and control for CO2 compression and purification unit in oxy-combustion power plants
High CO2 purity products can be obtained from oxy-combustion power plants through a CO2 CPU (compression and purification unit) based on phase separation method. To ensure that CPU (with double flash separators) can be operated under optimal conditions, this paper focuses on single variable analysis, multi-variable optimization, dynamic simulation and control system design for CPU in oxy-combustion power plants. It is found that optimal operating conditions are 30 bar, 30.42 degrees C, -24.64 degrees C, and -55 degrees C for multi-stage CO2 compressor discharge pressure, flue gas temperature after compression, first flash separator temperature, and second flash separator temperature, respectively. The designed double temperature control structure based on a systematic top-down analysis and bottom-up design method is more suitable than the single temperature control structure under different operating scenarios (load change and flue gas composition ramp change). To bear operating disturbances, operating strategies like elevating temperature, manipulating valves and adjusting setpoints are proposed. Influence of SOx would be more obvious than that of NOx, whilst the k(ij) mixing parameters in Peng Robinson property method affects little on process optimization and control system design. Comprehensive dynamic model with specified control system provides possibility to integrate CPU with full-train oxy-combustion power plants. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:CO2 compression and purification unit;Dynamic simulation;Control system design;Oxy-fuel combustion