Journal of Materials Science, Vol.29, No.10, 2579-2604, 1994
An Approach to the Formation and Growth of New Phases with Application to Polymer Crystallization - Effect of Finite-Size, Metastability, and Ostwald Rule of Stages
This article aims to link the mainstream subject of chain-folded polymer crystallization with the rather speciality field of extended-chain crystallization, the latter typified by the crystallization of polyethylene (PE) under pressure. Issues of wider generality are also raised for crystal growth, and beyond for phase transformations. The underlying new experimental material comprises the prominent role of metastable phases, specifically the mobile hexagonal phase in polyethylene which can arise in preference to the orthorhombic phase in the phase regime where the latter is the stable regime, and the recognition of "thickening growth" as a primary growth process, as opposed to the traditionally considered secondary process of thickening.