Bioresource Technology, Vol.199, 148-154, 2016
Enhanced enzymatic saccharification of pretreated biomass using glycerol thermal processing (GTP)
Biomass was heated (200-240 degrees C) in the presence of glycerol, for 4-12 min, under shear to disrupt the native cell wall architecture. The impact of this method, named glycerol thermal processing (GTP), on saccharification efficiency of the hardwood Liquidambar styraciflua, and a control cellulose sample was studied as a function of treatment severity. Furthermore, the enzymatic conversion of samples with varying compositions was studied after extraction of the structural polymers. Interestingly, the sweet gum processed materials crystallinity index increased by 10% of the initial value. The experiments revealed that the residual lignin was not a barrier to limiting the digestibility of cellulose after pretreatment yielding up to 70% glucose based on the starting wood material. Further xylan removal greatly improved the cellulose hydrolysis rate, converting nearly 70% of the cellulose into glucose within 24 h, and reaching 78% of ultimate glucan digestibility after 72 h. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.