Bioresource Technology, Vol.193, 433-441, 2015
Mutation in galP improved fermentation of mixed sugars to succinate using engineered Escherichia coli AS1600a and AM1 mineral salts medium
Escherichia coli KJ122 was engineered to produce succinate from glucose using the wild type GalP for glucose uptake instead of the native phosphotransferase system (ptsI mutation). This strain now ferments 10% xylose poorly. Mutants were selected by serial transfers in AM1 mineral salts medium with 10% xylose. Clones from this population all exhibited a similar improvement, co-fermentation of an equal mixture of xylose and glucose. One of these, AS1600a, produced 84.26 +/- 1.37 g/L succinate, equivalent to that produced by the parent (KJ122) from 10% glucose (85.46 +/- 1.78 g/L). AS1600a was sequenced and found to contain a mutation in galactose permease (GalP, G236D). This mutation was shown to be responsible for the improvement in fermentation using KJ Delta galP as the host and expression vectors with native galP and with mutant galP*. Strain AS1600a and KJ Delta galP(pLOI5746; galP*) also co-fermented a mixture of glucose, xylose, arabinose, and galactose in sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate using mineral salts medium. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.