Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol.76, 24-30, 2015
Feasibility of reed for biobutanol production hydrolyzed by crude cellulase
The aim of this study was to efficiently utilize reed for both cellulase and biobutanol production. The unprocessed cellulase blend produced under solid-state fermentation using reed as the substrate showed a similar reducing sugar yield using Whatman filter paper to the commercial enzyme blend (38.61%). Organosolv pretreatment method could efficiently reduce hemicellulose (29.3%-14.6%) and lignin (17.2%-14.1%) content and increase cellulose content (42.5%-62.3%) from reed. Enzymatic hydrolysis of organosolv-pretreated reed using the crude cellulase with enzyme loading of 25 FPU/g reed, 20% solid content at 50 degrees C and pH 5.5 resulted in a reed hydrolysate containing 40.01 g/L glucose and 3.55 g/L xylose after 72 h. Fermentation of the hydrolysate medium by Clostridium acetobutylicum produced 9.07 and 14.24 g/L of biobutanol and ABE with yield of 0.21 g/g and 0.33 g/g, respectively. This study proved that crude cellulase complex produced under solid state fermentation and organsolv pretreatment can efficiently provide reed hydrolysate that can be converted to biobutanol without any commercial cellulase usage. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.