Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.99, No.24, 10447-10456, 2015
Capsular polysaccharide production by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1: from strain selection to fed-batch cultivation
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a human pathogen largely transmitted by aerosols. Vaccines are the main strategy against this pathogen, and the capsular polysaccharide (PS) is its major antigen. S. pneumoniae serotype 1 is associated with large outbreaks and epidemics of invasive diseases. The aims of this work were to screen serotype 1 strains to identify the best PS1 producer, evaluate three peptones for PS1 production, investigate the effects of culture medium components using a design of experiments (DoE), a statistic tool for optimization, and propose a new medium/cultivation strategy. After flask cultivation of nine strains, two that produced high PS1 and biomass values were chosen for further evaluation in the bioreactor, and ST595/01 was chosen as the best PS1 producer strain. Among the peptones tested (Casamino acids, Soytone, and Phytone), the highest PS1 production (298 mg/L) was reached with Phytone. Next, DoE (2(4-1)) was performed to evaluate the effects of yeast extract (YE), Phytone, L-asparagine (Asn), and L-glutamine (Gln), yielding the following results: Phytone presented positive effects (p < 0.05) for maximum production of biomass, PS1, acetate, and lactate; YE showed positive effects for biomass and acid production (p < 0.05); Gln exerted a minor positive effect on PS1 yield factor on glucose (p < 0.1); and Asn presented only an effect on acetate production (p < 0.1). Hence, a new culture medium was formulated based on Phytone, YE, and glucose, and batch and fed-batch cultivations were evaluated. The fed-batch cultivation showed almost 2 times the biomass and 2.5 times the PS1 production as the batch culture, and 8-10 times higher PS1 production than has been previously reported.