Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol.96, 24-33, 2016
Experimental study and thermodynamic modeling of CO2 gas hydrate formation in presence of zinc oxide nanoparticles
The effect of synthesized zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles was investigated on the kinetic and thermodynamic equilibrium conditions of CO2 hydrate formation. The amount of the gas consumption was measured and compared for the four sample fluids: pure water, aqueous solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), water-based ZnO-nanofluid and water-based ZnO-nanofluid in the presence of SDS (0.001 mass fraction). The time of hydrate growth decreased and the amount of the storage gas enhanced in the presence of nanoparticles. Moreover, the nanoparticles size effect besides the CO2 solubility enhancement in ZnO-nanofluid led to the reduction of water activity, so that the equilibrium curve of hydrate formation was shifted to higher pressures. A new correlation for Henry's law constant was obtained using CO2-solubility data in ZnO-nanofluid. Finally using this correlation, the water activity was calculated through the Chen-Guo approach to propose a thermodynamic method for prediction of the equilibrium hydrate formation conditions in the presence of the nanoparticles. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.