Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol.94, 101-109, 2016
Solid state electrochemical and calorimetric study of the equilibrium phase (Cu, Ag)(2)S
Thermodynamic stabilities of the solid solution (Cu, Ag)(2)S in equilibrium with (Cu + S)-compounds have been studied by an EMF method, using the fast Ag+ ion conducting solid electrolytes. In addition to providing data for experimental reproducibility check, the usage of two different electrolytes, in their respective ionic conduction domains, allowed EMF measurements in the (Ag + Cu + S) system over a wide temperature range. For the first time, EMF values for the solid solution (Cu, Ag)(2)S have been measured above T = 500 K. The EMF measurements were made with the solid state electrochemical cells of the type Pt(-) vertical bar Ag vertical bar Ag+ ion conductor vertical bar(Ag + Cu + S)-phase assemblage vertical bar Pt(+), within the temperature range from (383 to 578) K. Phase transition thermodynamic properties of stromeyerite (Ag0.93Cu1.07S) and the solid solution (Cu, Ag)(2)S have been studied by the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. Based on the measured E vs. T relations, thermodynamic functions of the Cu-rich solid solution (Cu, Ag)(2)S have been determined. Accurate thermodynamic properties of the solid solution including data in a new temperature range have been obtained. The results obtained with calorimetric measurements were analyzed and, for the first time, enthalpies of phase transitions and fusion of the solid solution (Cu, Ag)(2)S have been experimentally determined. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.