화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.26, No.5, 526-532, October, 2015
3-5족 적층형과 CuInGa(S,Se)2 및 Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 화합물반도체 박막태양전지
III-V Tandem, CuInGa(S,Se)2, and Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 Compound Semiconductor Thin Film Solar Cells
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초록
신 기후변화대응(Post 2020)을 위한 대체에너지의 역할과 더불어 태양전지의 중요성이 높아져 가고 있다. 태양전지의 종류는 크게 재료관점에서 보면 유기물과 무기물 계열로 구분할 수 있지만 대규모 발전역할에서는 현재까지 실리콘과 같이 양산성과 안정성 기반의 무기물 태양전지가 주된 역할을 하고 있다. 특히 최근 몇 년간 화합물반도체 태양전지에 대한 연구는 급속도로 가속화되면서 3-5족 적층형 태양전지, chalcopyrite 계열 CuInGa(S,Se)2 (CIGSSe) 태양전지와 kesterite 계열 Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe) 태양전지 연구가 대표적으로 주류를 이루어 왔다. 따라서 화합물반도체 태양전지에서 주류를 이루고 있는 3-5족 적층형, CIGSSe 및 CZTSSe 태양전지들의 연구개발동향 및 기술적인 주요내용들에 대해 소개하고자 한다.
Solar cells with other alternative energies are being importantly recognized related with post-2020 climate change regime formation. In a point of view of materials, solar cells are classified to organic and inorganic solar cells which can provide a plant-scale electricity. In particular, recent studies about compound semiconductor solar cells, such as III-V tandem solar cells, chalcopyrite-series CIGSSe solar cells, and kesterite-series CZTSSe solar cells were rapidly accelerated. In this report, we introduce a research trend and technical issues for the compound semiconductor solar cells.
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