Solar Energy, Vol.111, 125-134, 2015
Toward quasi-solid state Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Effect of gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticle dispersion into liquid electrolyte
In this study, we report on the effect of gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticle (NP) addition into liquid electrolyte for Dye-sensitized Solar Cell (DSC) application. gamma-Al2O3 was prepared by a fast ultrasound-assisted sol gel procedure allowing the formation of gamma-Al2O3 crystals with nanometric size and high specific surface area. A quasi-solid state electrolyte was prepared by dispersing 5 wt% of gamma-Al2O3 NPs in commercially available electrolytic solution, and optical and electrical properties were analyzed and compared to the bare liquid electrolyte. DSCs were fabricated exploiting NP-based electrolyte and fully characterized. In comparison with liquid electrolyte-based cells, the quasi-solid ones exhibit the same photovoltaic performances and a noticeable extended stability over the time. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.