Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.148, No.3, 699-704, 2014
Nano-sized Fe3O4/carbon as anode material for lithium ion battery
Nano-sized Fe3O4/carbon material is prepared via a simple citric-nitrate combustion method combining with a hydrothermal carbon coating technique. The synthesized Fe3O4/carbon composite shows a high reversible specific capacity (ca. 850 mAh g(-1) at 100 mA g(-1); ca. 600 mAh g(-1) at 500 mA g(-1)), good rate-capability as well as superior cycling stability as anode for lithium-ion batteries. The ameliorated electrochemical performance of Fe3O4/carbon electrode is associated to the nano-sized particle feature and the continuous carbon coating layer. The former provides short lithium-ion/electron diffusion distance, while the latter enables the fast electron transport pathways. Besides, the carbon layer can act as a protective component to prevent the active particle Fe3O4 from aggregation and pulverization during the charge/discharge processes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.