Journal of Catalysis, Vol.318, 34-42, 2014
Bimodal cesium hydrogen salts of 12-tungstosilicic acid, CsxH4-xSiW12O40, as highly active solid acid catalysts for transesterification of glycerol tributyrate with methanol
Bimodal CsxH4-x[SiW12O40] (Csx-bimodal) with mesopores interconnected with micropores were synthesized from microporous CsxH4-x[SiW12O40 (Csx-micro) with x = 1.0-2.5, which were prepared in advance by titrating an aqueous solution of H-4[SiW12O40] with an aqueous solution of Cs2CO3, followed by treatment in refluxing ethanol to mainly dissolve the H-4[SiW12O40] in the particles. Mesopore size distributions and their pore volumes changed depending on x in Csx-micro. Microporous Cs2.5-micro transformed into bimodal Cs2.5-bimodal with mesopores having average diameters of 3.7 nm and large mesopore volumes. Although Cs2.5-bimodal exhibited only low catalytic activity for the decomposition of isopropyl acetate, post-treatment in H2SO4 enhanced the catalytic activity due to substitution of the Cs' ions on the surface with H+center dot H2SO4-treated Csx-bimodal showed high activity toward transesterification of glyceryl tributyrate with methanol due to its strong acid strength and mesoporosity. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.